Basics on how to setup an App Fabric Cache server and usage of APIs
At this year’s SQL PASS summit, I had the opportunity to talk with customers about App Fabric Cache; as such, I prepared a demo to show some of the characteristics of the available APIs. The following is an explanation on how to setup the demo, what to expect when running it (as if you had attended), along with notes based on the most frequently asked questions.
For simplicity, everything will be contained on one machine. Start by downloading the appropriate Windows Server AppFabric bits and installing them, make sure you include the client and administration bits. Run the configuration Wizard and setup it up as with a XML configuration provider (not using SQL only for simplicity, SQL is however the recommended setup) and a small cluster, leave all ports as per defaults, for more details see Install Windows Server AppFabric and Configure Windows Server AppFabric.
Run the “Caching Administration Windows PowerShell” as an Administrator. To start the cache host, run the following command.
You will be prompted for the hostname and cache port. Give the machine name and port 22233 (since the defaults were taken when running the configuration wizard), you should see the following
HostName : CachePort Service Name Service Status Version Info
——————– ———— ————– ————
jaimelap2:22233 AppFabricCachingService UP 1 [1,1][1,1]
Setup your user account to an allowed client user, in my case I had
Create the cache for the demo application and look at the current statistics
You will see the following stats since nothing has yet taken place:
Size : 0
ItemCount : 0
RegionCount : 0
RequestCount : 0
MissCount : 0
Running the demos
Here is the demo project (built in VS2010 ultimate), make sure the two following references are correctly working otherwise search for them by their name and add then as references (if not found, run the repair setup)
Running the solution will show the following windows form:
Demo #1, simple object addition, retrieval and removal
As per the message in the Status text, first start by clicking the “Add” button, this will add a single entry into the cache, the status will show “>>Add-Object Added to Cache [key=LockingDemo]”. Clicking the “Get” button will show the content of the added object which was retrieved by leveraging the Key “lockingDemo”, the status will show “>> Get Object and reference retrieved from cache. [key=LockingDemo, Object=Object stored in cache]”
At this point go back to the “Caching Administration Windows PowerShell” console and type:
The new added object is shown, make note of the RequestCount been at 1
Hit the “Remove” button and then the “Get” button, you will see the fail status as it indicates that no object was found. The same can be seen if an object is added and retrieved after 15 minutes, which is the default time to keep an item in the cache, this is further explore in the Demo #4 below.
The Add API can be thought of been similar to an insert statement but it only takes a key value pair. Note that the Get API merely retrieved whatever it found in the object in an optimistic manner, it did not care if it was changed by any other process, as it retrieved the latest version.
Demo #2, GetIfNewer and Put
When the Get API was executed (in line 134 of form1.cs) a DataCacheItemVersion was also collected, this can be thought of as a type of version for the gotten item. See line 143 in Form1.cs
RetrievedStrFromCache = (string)myDefaultCache.Get(myKey, out myVersionBeforeChange)
For simplicity say it is retrieved as Version1, if another process comes and does a Put against the same item (by using the same key) then it will change its version to say Version2, in the same way the DataCacheItemVersion will get updated. GetIfNewer can be used to leverage this type of versioning, by using the DataCacheItemVersion retrieved in the Get API, in the GetIfNewer API, it will know to return a NULL object if it finds an object with the same DataCacheItemVersion in cache, otherwise it will return the new (updated) object.
Go back to the demo form, click on the “Add” button (if a valid object is still present the Object already exist exception will be raised) then the “GetIfNewer” button and you will get a message saying that a NULL object was retrieved. Now click on the “Put” button (which can be thought as an update statement) and then go back and click on the “GetIfNewer” button, now you will get the object that the Put API just updated, the value string changed from “Object stored in cache” to “MOD 1 – Object stored in cache”. Note that clicking on the “GetIfNewer” button again, it will return a NULL item since the version has not changed from the last time the API was executed, this also shows that the value of the DataCacheItemVersion also gets updated with each execution of the GetIfNewer API.
Similarly, executing GetIfNewer after doing a Remove along with an Add; will also retrieve an object since these two operations will have, in effect, modified the object.
Demo #3, Contention APIs: GetAndLock, Unlock and PutAndUnlock
As explained, the Get API does an optimistic retrieval but there are cases when a pessimistic retrieval may be preferred. This is a supported scenario under Resource data (shared reads & writes across multiple users). For those cases, the GetAndLock API will allow locking an object for a given period of time; the demo does it for 5 seconds. Two other things to keep in mind are the key and the DataCacheLockHandle, as these are needed to handle the locking semantics.
Click the “Add” button, if an object already exist an exception will be shown. Then Click on the “GetAndLock” button, this will collect a DataCacheLockHandle object that will be required to gracefully unlock the object (the Put API may also do this without requiring a DataCacheLockHandle). Then clicking the “GetAndLock” button again, an exception explaining that the object is already lock will be generated. Before the 5 seconds for expiration have taken place, hit the “Unlock (Bad)” button, this will generate an exception due to the fact that even though the correct key is used, the incorrect DataCacheLockHandle is employed. If the “GetAndLock” button is pressed right after (before the 5 seconds lock is reached) then the exception showing that the object is still lock will be shown, this since the previous unlock called was unsuccessful.
When the “Unlock (ok)” button is pressed, the object will be gracefully unlock, as this method uses the correct key and DataCacheLockHandle, pressing the “GetAndLock” button will not show an exception but instead will lock the object again for 5 seconds.
The “PutAndUnlock” button will also correctly unlock the object but, as stated by its name, it will update the object at the same time.
NOTE that the “Put” button will override the lock semantics; that is, the object will be unlock and update without requiring a DataCacheLockHandle. This is because the intent with the lock APIs is for all applications to honor it, so in order for the locking to be honored it is incumbent upon the clients to be using the Lock methods since not using them will override the locking guarantees.
Demo #4, Enable Local cache
This demo goes over the ability to locally cache objects, this will save a round trip to the cache cluster, and in essence, it will eliminate the network delay to and back from the cache server.
To start the demo start the “Caching Administration Windows PowerShell” tool and run these commands
The purpose is to clean all the objects currently cache; the statistics results should show this (all zeros).
Click the “Add” button, as seen in Demo #1, after adding an object the statistics show a RequestCount of 1. Now, choose “Enabled” from the local cache drop down and click on the “Get” button a few times. Go back to the “Caching Administration Windows PowerShell” tool and run the “Get-cacheStatistics default” command again. The requestCount should still stay at 1, this is because the configuration provider did not register the request since it was locally served. Note that if you do a GetIfNewer the requestCount will increase; since this type of API cannot be locally supplied, as it needs to check with all the other cache hosts.
To achieve these, two DataCacheFactories are leverage – see line 54~59 in form1.cs. The DataCacheFactory named “myCacheFactory” is the one use for non-local cache and the one named “myCacheFactory_LC” is the one setup for local cache, its configuration property is defined in line 57, as follows.
//Create the local cache cacheFactory constructor, kept for 5 min.
configuration.LocalCacheProperties = new DataCacheLocalCacheProperties(1000, new TimeSpan(0, 5, 0), DataCacheLocalCacheInvalidationPolicy.TimeoutBased);
Note that the timeout is setup to 5 minutes, so if after Adding an object (while using the local cache enabled choice) the “Get” button is click after 5 minutes, then the requestCount will go up as the local cache item would have expired.